Malaria; A disease caused by a Protozoan Parasite (Plasmodium spp.) Section 11: Epidemic Disease Occurrence Level of disease. For example, chickenpox is considered endemic in the UK, but malaria is not. with mosquito as its primary host and carrier. Low and middle-income countries are more suffering from high burden of disease than developed countries (Lopez et al., 2006). For example, the disease malaria is endemic to tropical areas of the world, such as those in South America or Africa. of cases of an infectious disease above what is normally expected in a given population in a specific area. Malaria, per the CDC, is another example of an endemic disease in certain areas. Although the infection is ubiquitous, symptoms of disease do not appear equally across age groups. Hyperendemic refers to the persistent, higher levels of disease prevalence in a particular place. For example, chickenpox is endemic (steady state) in the United Kingdom, but malaria is not. A more realistic scenario is that it will be added to the (large and growing) family of infectious diseases that are what is known as “endemic” in the human population. Mosquitoes in these areas carry dengue fever and transmit it from person to person. Examples of major epidemics include cholera and diarrhoeal diseases, measles, malaria, and dengue fever. The term endemic refers to the constant presence and/or usual prevalence of a disease or infectious agent in a population within a geographic area. This level is not necessarily the desired level, which may in fact be zero, but rather is the observed level. Malaria, however, is not endemic to Antarctica since it's not present there. But in 2019 there was an outbreak of dengue fever in Hawaii, where the disease is not endemic. It is said to originate and endemic to Africa where the environment and temperature is perfect for the disease to cultivate. Examples of Endemic Diseases. In epidemiology, an infection is said to be endemic (from Greek ἐν en "in, within" and δῆμος demos "people") in a population when that infection is constantly maintained at a baseline level in a geographic area without external inputs. A disease is holoendemic when essentially every individual in a population is infected. A pandemic is an epidemic of infec-tious disease that spreads through human popula-tions across a large region, multiple continents or Worldwide, countries are facing various public health problems but at unequal intensity. Endemic. ... Berry pointed to the H1N1 outbreak in 2009 as an example … An endemic disease, Berry explains, is consistently present in the community, but at a stable and predictable level. Last summer’s dengue fever outbreak in Hawaii is as an example. The amount of a particular disease that is usually present in a community is referred to as the baseline or endemic level of the disease. 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