Overall, here’s how I see the training side of things (in a general sense) - if you have a well-structured off & on-court training program, your body will adapt in the most appropriate way to meet the specific demands in front of you. Consensus Conference on Impedance in Body Composition (Proceedings), Roma 18–19 June. Before we look at body types in tennis, here are some defining characteristics of the 3 main somatotypes: Ectomorphs: Thinner individuals; smaller bone structure; shorter limbs; lower propensity of gaining muscle mass; faster metabolisms; higher tolerance to carbohydrates. Black D., James W.P.T., Besser G.M., Brook C.G.D., Craddock D., Garrow J.S., Hockaday T.D.R., Lewis B., Pilkington T.R.E., Silverstone J.T., Mann J.I., Miller D.S., Pyke D.A., Williams D.G. Body Composition: Lesson Objectives: 1. Components of Fitness in Tennis Ryan Ng George Arsenis Clinton Lui Reaction Time Body composition is important in tennis and the ball may go anywhere on the court and you have to be ready to spring around the court to hit the ball. Article  Subjects increased lean and bone percentage, and decreased abdominal fat and total body fat percentage (all p<0.05). Durnin J.V.G.A. The three components of body build are the type, size and composition. Generally speaking a tennis player should have powerful and well-developed legs, a strong core and a lean upper-body because powerful and well-developed legs allow for a solid base of support and a lowered center of gravity, which improves the athlete’s dynamic stability, agility, kinetic chain efficiency as well as accuracy and power during stroke production. Whole body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and physical fitness were assessed during a season. - 185.150.189.124. Being taller & heavier; having larger legs & arms, were all significantly correlated with ranking (i.e. Dixon W.J., Brown M.B., Engelman L., Hill M.A. Nutr., 54:26–29. & de Lorenzo A., 1993.Assessment of changes in extracellular water and total body water using multi-frequency bio-electrical impedance. It’s also important to consider a player’s gamestyle and how they naturally move around the court, along with how they strike the ball. Objectives: The aims of this study were to describe the anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of elite male and female junior tennis players, to compare the anthropometric data, body composition and somatotype of the first 12 elite junior tennis players on the ranking with the lower ranked players, and to establish an anthropometric profile chart … & Deurenberg P., 1993.Multifrequency bioelectrical impedance as a measure of differences in body water distribution. J. If you have a biological predisposition to a certain body type, it’s likely that (in most cases anyway), you’ll do best with that body type. by Matt Kuzdub. University Miguel Hernandez. Even if that means you’re an ectomorph (or endomorph). So 2 things come to mind here - 1) drastic changes likely aren’t best AND 2) in most cases, you probably don’t need to think too much about physique, but rather on training the right way for you (and your game) and eating in a way that supports energy, nutrition and recovery needs. J. Anthropol. Firstly, BMIs (which again, are derived from both height and weight) were calculated based on values that were found in old record books and the ATP website. Body composition was estimated in 169 young tennis players using the multi-frequency impedance method to predict their fatfree-mass, fat, extra-cellular water, and total body water. The purpose of this study was to compare whole-body and segmental body composition variables of trained Brazilian table tennis players, according to different performance levels and gender. Actual body weight has been shown to be a better indicator of BMC than body composition in women of all ages, with heavier women having higher BMC values . REGIONAL BODY COMPOSITION IN LIFE-TIME TENNIS PLAYERS. they were homogenous throughout; whether you were the 1st or last ranked player, body type did not change) while the top 12 female players did show significant differences in certain anthropometric measurements: “The different characteristics of the best female junior tennis players of our study—taller, heavier, and with wider humeral and femoral breadths—compared with the lower ranked players, suggest this could nowadays influence playing style in this category for this gender.”. Metab., 37: 44–51. But recall when he came back from elbow surgery, he was even leaner than today - supposedly even Marián Vajda urged him to gain some weight. Less muscle mass, thin arms and torso and obviously, a fast metabolism. Chumlea W.C., Guo S.S., Bellisari A., Baumgartner R.N. A total of 7 elite children tennis players participated in the study. J. Clin. Spain ISSN 1988-5202 / DOI: 10.4100/jhse An International Electronic Journal Volume 5 Number 2 May 2010 Research Article BODY COMPOSITION AND FITNESS IN ELITE SPANISH CHILDREN TENNIS PLAYERS Daniel Berdejo-del-Fresno1 , Germán Vicente-Rodriguez2, José María González-Ravé3, Luis Antonio Moreno2, Juan Pablo Rey-López2. A total of 7 elite children tennis players participated in the study. A post shared by Alexander Zverev (@alexzverev123) on Dec 26, 2016 at 5:04am PST. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of age and maturity on anthropometric and various fitness characteristics in young competitive female tennis players. & Jennrich R.I., 1988. Vries (de) P.M.J.M., 1993.A multifrequency conductivity technique to measure dynamic body fluid changes. Food intake was obtained from a non … For instance, some people can be ecto-mesomorphs - in other words, they can easily lose weight if not active (become more ecto) but at the same time, when training, can build muscle at a similar rate ...I guess they’re the lucky ones ;). Explain how BMR & MET values can be used to understand balance Tennis has evolved. & Skinner R.K., 1983. Sci. Sheldon (c.1940), uses the terms ectomorph, endomorph, or mesomorph to describe the body build of an individual. Broadly speaking, there are 3 body types - or somatotypes - that all of us fall into (image below). J. Hum. Lusseveld E.M., Peters E.T.J. & Siervogel R.M., 1994.Reliability for multiple frequency bioelectric impedance. On the other hand, if your training plan is well rounded - including various training phases (general, specific etc) that emphasize different qualities (strength, speed, endurance, agility etc), at different times of the year, and that these qualities are proportioned appropriately for your individual needs - over time, you will surely gravitate (to some degree) towards a mesomorph physique. Whole body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and physical fitness were assessed during a season. Plenum Press, New York. In past years, she would have even been strictly considered a mesomorph. When it comes to research on this subject - particularly when looking at the pro tour - it’s definitely scarce. One retrospective study that we alluded to above, (Gale-Watts and Nevill 2016) aimed to provide insights on the body types of ATP players, and how they’ve evolved from 1982 to 2011. Body composition is a major factor determining achievements in racket sports (tennis, table tennis and squash) and plays a significant role in the level of physical development. Fitness. © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Jenin P., Lenoir J., Roullet C., Thomasset A.L. Thus, one must perform exercises after assessing one's body composition. Fitness, 30:434–440. Biol., 6:293–303. Body composition from fluid spaces and density: analysis of methods. Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica Sperimentale, Università di Bologna, Via Selmi 3, 40126, Bologna, Italy, E. Gualdi-Russo, P. Brasili-Gualandi & M. G. Belcastro, You can also search for this author in Coaches are prescribing short, explosive drills rather than long slow runs and movements of the like. Effect of Calcium, Tennis, and Body Composition on Bone 527 Results There were no significant differences between groups for age, body mass, height, or BMI. There are many different ways of measuring the amount of body fat or body composition, which vary in accuracy, ease of measurement, costs and equipment requirements. After being divided into two groups (age 10–13 years and age 14–18), the players had their weight, height, and sexual maturation assessed. University of Las Palmas de Gran Canada. And adapt they have. I mean, would you classify Novak Djokovic as a mesomorph? In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the body composition and dietary intake of 44 adolescent tennis players. Techniques for measuring body composition, pp. Body size and composition can be considered important in sports where you have an advantage of being tall (e.g. the top 12 female players). Tennis is a very demanding sport and it puts a lot of pressure on the body. & Hall C.B., 1990.Body composition assessment of athletes using bioelectrical impedance measurements. Fitness 32:303–313. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to assess body composition. Dorado Garcia C., Chavarren Cabrero J., Sanchis Moysi J., Calbet J.A.L. Others (Rafa, Tsonga, Verdasco to name a few) have higher BMIs - 24.7, 26.3 and 25.4 respectively. Two people of the same gender and body weight may look completely different because they have a different body composition. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to assess body composition. If you’re an endomorph, you’ll probably want to favor training (and nutritional intake) to sway the scale towards being an endo-meso (or even meso-endo). (1992). They used BMI (body mass index) and RPI (reciprocal ponderal index) measurements - the former being a measure of a person’s weight status (under, over or normal) while the latter is essentially a measure of their ‘leanness’. It is a sport that requires “a series of complex movements” which therefore involves many muscles (Howard, 2015). active tennis players: 15 right-handed and 1 left-handed. But this didn’t have any bearing on their performance (figure below). Iran [ Mandana Gholami ] - Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology, Department … Aerobic power, body composition, strength, flexibility and serum lipid concentrations were measured in 28 elite senior male tennis players who had participated in tennis for an average of 20.6 years and 18 moderately active age matched controls to determine the health and fitness benefit of long term tennis participation. Results varied considerably, in relation to the various equations or different techniques employed. Body composition was estimated in 169 young tennis players using the multi-frequency impedance method to predict their fatfree-mass, fat, extra-cellular water, and total body water. Having the ideal body type and muscle fibre composition is necessary, but so is training your body’s muscles in order to maximize performance. All tested tennis players revealed excellent aerobic capacity associated with poor indices of anaerobic fitness. If you’re a counter-puncher vs a big server, that’ll have an influence on the organization of your training and ultimately, your physique. This evolution in our sport, according to a 2016 study (Gale-Watts and Nevill 2016) has brought about another change...a change in body types. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of age and maturity on anthropometric and various fitness characteristics in young competitive female tennis players. Organization that works on the standardization of anthropometric techniques and The somatic characteristics of body size, structure and composition are substantial determinants of athletic success. Take Serena Williams as an example. On this list there are some surprising sports ranked high, though there is no doubt that body composition is one of the most important factors for jockeys and divers. Jenkins K.A., Heyward V.H., Cook K.L., Hicks V.L., Quatrochi J.A., Wilson W.L. PubMed Google Scholar, Gualdi-Russo, E., Brasili-Gualandi, P. & Belcastro, M.G. Note - BMIs for female players could not be taken as their body mass is omitted on the WTA site. My belief is that optimization should be favoured instead of all-out transformation. Pairs starter question: 5 key things that you think body composition refers to & what affects it? Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to assess body composition. Sixty-one players, aged 10.4-13.2 years (11.8 ± 0.8) were measured for standing and sitting heights, body mass, skinfolds, grip s … Consensus Conference on Impedance in Body Composition (Proceedings), Roma 18–19 June. Because muscular tissue takes up less space in the body than fat tissue, body composition, as well as weight, determines leanness. Body composition may be an important metric in some circumstances (perhaps with players who are de-trained because of injury or a long layoff or those that do have a greater predisposition to carry more fat than others), but there are many ways that physique can be affected. But he probably won’t be doing body-building style workouts 3-4 days/week just to try to increase muscle mass. Cited by Jansen et al. Whole body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) … After being divided into two groups (age 10-13 years and age 14-18), the players had their weight, height, and sexual maturation assessed. J. Each aspect becomes more important at higher levels of play. The difference here is that BMI was not used - rather, trained anthropometrists took a variety of skinfold readings and the Carter & Heath equation was used to determine somatotypes. She’s carrying slightly more weight, especially in the mid and gluteal sections. Deurenberg P., Weststrate J.A. Kaminsky L.A. & Whaley M.H., 1993.Differences in estimates of percent body fat using bioelectrical impedance. A total of 7 elite children tennis players participated in the study. & Ducrot H., 1975. Body composition measurements are useful in assessing the effectiveness of nutritional interventions and … There are more precise ways to measure and classify body types (rather than simply looking at photos). Ratios of impedance at low to high frequencies (Z1/Z100; Z5/Z100) were also used as indicators of body water distribution. According to Malina and Geithner , body composition is sensitive to organized training. Conversely, Ash Barty probably wouldn’t do well restricting caloric intake and organizing her training to be more ectomorphic. In conclusion, male table tennis players presented higher FFM and lower FM and %BF than female players and the dominant arm presented higher FFM and BMD than the non-dominant, possibly due to the mechanical impact-load imposed by time of table tennis practice. In physical fitness, body composition is used to describe the percentages of fat, bone, water and muscle in human bodies. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to assess body composition. & Colville B.C., 1994.Predictive accuracy of bioelectrical impedance equations for women. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to assess body composition. Sports Med. Define body composition and describe different methods of assessing it. Department of Physical Education. Body composition assessment of young tennis players by multi-frequency impedance measurements. The position in the tennis federations rankings correlated to VO2max but not with maximal power or maximal work output assessed by Wingate test. Spain ISSN 1988-5202 / DOI: 10.4100/jhse An International Electronic Journal Volume 5 Number 2 May 2010 Research Article BODY COMPOSITION AND FITNESS IN ELITE SPANISH CHILDREN TENNIS PLAYERS Daniel Berdejo-del-Fresno1 , Germán Vicente-Rodriguez2, José María González-Ravé3, Luis Antonio Moreno2, Juan Pablo Rey-López2. Personal communication. Perhaps we should consider building game styles around their body types, rather than trying to conform them to a particular body type (and worse, style of play). anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somato-type of elite junior tennis players, in order to use this for training and for the detection and identification of talented players. Tennis is a very demanding sport and it puts a lot of pressure on the body. Aerobic power, body composition, strength, flexibility and serum lipid concentrations were measured in 28 elite senior male tennis players who had participated in tennis for an average of 20.6 years and 18 moderately active age matched controls to determine the health and fitness benefit of long term tennis participation. Vona G., Floris R., Porcella P. & Cosseddu G.G., 1984.Aspetti costituzionalistici in individui praticanti attività sportive. While it’s not exact, this provides some evidence that players aren’t as ‘ectomorphic’ as they once were. Weiner J.S. Full body workout: Unlike some sports, playing tennis is a brilliant workout for the entire body. Fuller N.J. & Elia M., 1989.Potential use of bioelectrical impedance of the “whole body” and of body segments for the assessment of body composition: comparison with densitometry and anthropometry. 223–244. Body composition was assessed via bioelectrical impedance. Antropologia Contemporanea, 7:373–384. Mesomorphs: This includes achieving and maintaining an optimal body composition. Bioelectrical impedances at 1, 5, 10, 50 and 100 kHz were determined. So here’s the question; should we try altering our body types or not? This has probably been a result of both his training and his diet. J. Hum. volume 12, pages11–20(1997)Cite this article. (Message automatically replaces this text), Click here to download the free PDF infographic. In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the body composition and dietary intake of 44 adolescent tennis players. as endomorphic-mesomorph, whereas participants of the present study were found as mesomorphic-endomorph. Signifi cant differences between the dominant Lastly, a recent study (Sogut and Altunsoy 2019), found that 12 national female Turkish players (those training at the national centre with an average age of 16) were more meso-endo (instead of endo-meso; recall that the former is predominantly meso). That doesn’t mean he’s not in the gym (his trainer Jez Green does a great job of applying science-backed methods to Sasha’s training regime...which includes heavy strength training; vid below). Ann. Sports Med. University of Las Palmas de Gran Canada. Body fat composition was Most tennis players in both groups presented an similar to that from another Brazilian study, although appropriate BMI and optimal fat percentage for the age range and method of data collection adolescents and were within the recommended range (skinfolds) were different (11–14 year group for young athletes. The parameters of body composition, predicted by impedance measurements were compared with parameters obtained through other methods (skinfolds and BMI) on the same subjects. Spain. pp 129–132. It’s usually the wrong approach when it comes to training for tennis - players chasing body composition first. Subjects increased lean and bone percentage, and decreased abdominal fat and total body … Both take height into equation, but RPI’s measure emphasizes height to a greater degree. It’s still an average. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Body composition was determined by means of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the body composition and dietary intake of 44 adolescent tennis players. Sixty-one players, aged 10.4-13.2 years (11.8 ± 0.8) were measured for standing and sitting heights, body mass, skinfolds, grip s … Body mass index and body fat for tennis practice were adequate for 89% and 71% of the tennis players respectively, regardless of age group. Cited by Segal et al. The control group (UN) comprised 16 non-training middle school pupils: 14 right-handed and 2 left-handed. To withstand this force you need both upper and lower body strength. Tsonga and Verdasco would actually be classified as ‘overweight’. Wilmore J.H. In junior players, similar findings have been observed. basketball) or small (jockeys), heavy (sumo wrestling) or light (gymnastics). What is Body Composition Testing? Do you think it would be wise to train Sasha Zverev to become a true ‘mesomorph’? The aims of this study were to describe body composition and physical fitness changes during a whole-season in elite children tennis players. More appropriate footwork training includes dashes, sprints, spider drills and using a rope ladder. Same goes for mesomorphs. basketball) or small (jockeys), heavy (sumo wrestling) or light (gymnastics). A total of 7 elite children tennis players participated in the study. basketball) or small (jockeys), heavy (sumo wrestling) or light (gymnastics). By the hour based body composition in tennis scale weight alone, such as the proportion of weight that is mass., stopping and starting, jumping and crouching, Sanchis Moysi J. 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Weight that is unobtainable from scale weight alone, such as the proportion of weight is... The results demonstrated a disparity between the dominant Pairs starter question: 5 key things you. This topic, gut residue, etc bioelectric impedance coaching in particular today she... Individui praticanti attività sportive uncommon to see players lifting weights to gain more strength &.... An ectomorph ( or endomorph ) with ‘ power ’ mesomorph to describe the body composition P.M.J.M.. Both body weight and BMI were significantly correlated with serve speed, Roullet C. Chavarren... Found as mesomorphic-endomorph subject - particularly when looking at the pro tour it... Dynamic body fluid changes fluid changes slightly more weight, especially in the study ( Rafa,,! Been a result of both his training and his diet points are shorter and there ’ s definitely.... Determinants of athletic success describe the body that on average, players had.