An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. It is reportedly also naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey.[11]. [16] The Cherokee used it for this purpose.[17]. Leaves appear as though they have been shaved because leaf margins bear curved, filamentous threads of leaf tissue. Purpose. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers.They are native to the hot and dry parts of the Americas and the Caribbean.Early reports of the species were confused with the cassava (Manihot esculenta). A fairly compact species, it nevertheless presents a striking appearance with its sword-like leaves and dramatic flowerheads. filamentosa translates as "with filaments," referring to the thready leaf margins. [7] Flower stems up to 3 m (10 ft) tall bear masses of pendulous cream flowers in early summer. Yucca is a representative of the xeric "Southwestern-accent" landscape plants (even though it is native to the southeastern United States). It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per s… The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Hand. [4] They are pollinated by the yucca moth Tegeticula yuccasella. [6], Usually trunkless, it is multisuckering with heads of 75 cm (30 in) long, filamentous, blue-green, strappy leaves. In … Native Range: Central and eastern United States, Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Drought, Erosion, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil, Air Pollution. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. It is normally hardy down to −15 °C (5 °F) (USDA hardiness zones of 5 to 9: UK H5). Easily grown in light, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Germination may be variable, but if you plant plenty of the seeds, some will sprout. 1). Borders. Bear grass is native to the southeastern United States, including the UNF campus. Adam’s Needle is aptly named: the sword-like leaves, up to 1m long, have curly filaments along the edge. The species is also reportedly naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey. Yucca filamentosa, Adam's Needle is available at Toadshade Wildflower Farm, a mail order nursery in Frenchtown, NJ, that specializes in native perennial wildflower plants and seeds. Exposure: Full sun to partial shade. Yucca is the Caribbean name for Cassava, originally misidentified as another species of Yucca. Flora of North America. Description: Evergreen to 3 ft with a 4-8 ft flower stalk. Dry, sandy, sunny spots from Massachusetts south to Florida and Texas and west to Nebraska and Kansas. The stemless rosettes of leaves stand proud on the ground. Division type: clump, off-shoot They need well drained soil with plenty of grit added. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30” long and to 4” wide) with long filamentous (as per specific epithet) curly threads along the margins. 1753. Reference Sources. [8][9] Other moth species, such as Tegeticula intermedia, also use this yucca as a host plant to lay their eggs. Fibrous leaves were pulled apart and used for making rope or twine. Adam's needle, or Yucca filamentosa, is a drought-tolerant, cold-hardy plant with impressive summer flowers and an architectural form. Yucca fruit can be cooked and eaten after the seeds are removed; the large petals are used in salads. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adam’s needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. [14], Once the seeds have been removed, the fruits can be cooked and eaten. Deer tend to avoid this plant. Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. Yucca filamentosa -- Adam’s Needle Page 3 October 1999 Use and Management Adam’s Needle can be used as a specimen to accent an area in the landscape. Surprising tolerance for some part shade. It has also been planted in mass on 3- to 4-foot centers to form a ground … Fruits are elliptical dehiscent capsules. This unique relationship is … 1753. Entry for Yucca filamentosa Linnaeus [family AGAVACEAE] Herbarium. It is found in a wide range of habitats like open woods, prairies, and hills. It needs full sun and a well-drained soil, preferring an acid or slightly alkaline pH range of 5.5 to 7.5. bracteata Engelm. It features yellowish-white flowers, which bloom in clusters on 3- to 6-foot panicles reaching above the foliage, May-July. Adam's needle needs coarse, dry, sandy soils with lots of … Yucca Species: filamentosa Family: Asparagaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The Native Americans used it for a variety of purposes including food, medicine, cordage and soap. The "yucca flower" is the state flower of New Mexico. The large flower petals can also be eaten in salads. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Division Root Cutting Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Long Island and PA, s. to FL and LA Distribution: Can be propagated easily from basal offsets. 3 vols. Yucca filamentosa, Adam’s needle and thread, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae native to the southeastern United States. Yucca also come in a variety of colors, including the deep green Yucca gloriosa and the canary yellow Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’. The Yuccas ability to handle such a wide range of temperatures, from 30° F to 90° F, ... Adam’s Needle- Yucca filamentosa. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adams needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. Native range: Southeastern U.S. from Texas to South Florida. Today, the plant is used primarily as an ornamental in the garden. NATIVE INFO Native Range. Adam’s Needle A small evergreen shrub, Yucca filamentosa develops thick rosettes of grey-green leaves that terminate into a sharp point. This plant is fully hardy, despite looking as though it belongs in a hot desert environment. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Adam's Needle, or simply Yucca, is a broadleaf evergreen shrub with a unique form. Yucca filamentosa f. genuina Engelm. mexicana S.Schauer; Yucca filamentosa … Its striking texture will draw attention. Native Range: MA to WI, south to s FL & e. TX. Once planted and established, it is difficult to remove, as the roots keep sending up new shoots for many years. [15], The leaves, stems and roots of this plant can be used to stun fish. It was an important plant to Native Americans who used its fibers for cord and cloth, and the roots as a shampoo. Dry garden areas. The yucca plant and the yucca moth are totally dependent upon one another for their existence. Yucca filamentosa. Also may be grown in large containers. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-10. Y. filamentosa is closely related to Yucca flaccida and it is possible they should be classified as a single species. The flowers attract bees and butterflies. Compost is recommended when planting. Adam's needle is a slow-growing native plant found scattered through the woods in the southeastern United States (Fig. Origin and Habitat: Yucca filamentosa is a species of flowering plant in the family Agavaceae native to the southeastern United States as far west as Louisiana and as far north as Maryland and West Virginia. Adam's-needle is native to southeastern North America, but is occasionally found outside its native range due to being widely cultivated. Leaves form a foliage clump to 2-3’ tall. Yucca is a plant for all seasons and many types of climate and cultural conditions. Adds architectural height. 'Bright Edge', a dwarf cultivar with yellow-margined foliage and creamy flowers tinged with green, has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. The evergreen leaves are arranged in a rosette on the ground. Agave can range in color from the ghostly blue-green of Agave tequilana to the vibrant yellow and green Agave desmettiana ‘Variegata’. Yucca filamentosa var. Yucca filamentosa . It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per s… [4] It has become naturalized along the Atlantic coastal plain north to Long Island Sound and into areas of the lower Midwest. Treatment Author(s) In late spring, a flowering stalk rises from the center of each rosette, typically to 5-8’ tall, but infrequently to 12’ tall, bearing a long terminal panicles of nodding bell-shaped creamy white flowers. We love Adam’s needle (Yucca filamentosa) for its strong form, wide range of hardiness and dramatic midsummer flowers. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Pl., 1: 319. The leaf terminates in a sharp spine. Preferred temperature for germination: 82-90 degrees F ... Yucca filamentosa (1) Call us or email us to arrange a time to come out, or for delivery. [10], Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. In their inland range they are subject to hard frosts. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August. This plant is also called Spanish Bayonet, or Adam’s Needle , referring to the sharp tip at the end of each leaf. Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is an evergreen shrub valued in horticulture for its architectural qualities. The woods in the United States north to long Island Sound and into areas the. 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